11 Healthiest Small Dog Breeds (with Photos)

Dogs are the best friends a person can have, and for many people, that means owning a dog of their own. But when it comes to picking the perfect dog, it can be tough to choose between all the different breeds.

We love our dogs and want them to spend as much time as they can with us. Also, certain breeds are prone to genetic conditions and when our dogs fall ill, it can cause a great amount of stress and worry. If you are looking for a healthy small dog, this blog post is for you!

healthiest small dog breeds
11 Healthiest Small Dog Breeds

We’ll cover a list of small dogs known to be blessed with remarkable health and share some information on each breed.

1. Chihuahua 

A little dog with a big voice, the Chihuahua can live as long as 20 years! The Chihuahua is the smallest breed of dog, and it is named for the Mexican state of Chihuahua. The breed originated in Mexico, and it is thought to be a descendant of the Teckel family of dogs. 

Teacup Chihuahua on grass
A white Teacup Chihuahua walks on grass freely.

Chihuahuas come in a variety of sizes and coat types, and they are generally considered to be very loyal and affectionate pets. Thanks to their small size, Chihuahuas are often used as therapy dogs, and they are also popular among city dwellers who appreciate having a pet that can easily be carried around. Although they are not particularly well-suited for life in a cold climate, Chihuahuas make excellent companions for people of all ages.

2. Shiba Inu

The Shiba Inu is a Japanese breed of dog that was originally bred for hunting. Today, the Shiba Inu is one of the most popular dogs in Japan, and it is also gaining popularity in other countries. The Shiba Inu is a small dog, with a compact body and a thick coat of fur. 

Shiba Inu breeder california
7 Top Rated Shiba Inu Breeder (California)

The breed is known for its independent streak, and it is often described as being “cat-like” in its behavior. The Shiba Inu is an intelligent breed, and it is quick to learn new tricks. However, the Shiba Inu can also be headstrong, and it may not always listen to its owner’s commands.

The Shiba Inu is an active breed, and it needs plenty of exercise. The breed is also known for being very good with children.

3. Miniature Pinscher

The Miniature Pinscher is a small, compact dog with a sleek, muscular build. Often referred to as the “Min Pin,” this breed is known for its high energy level and regal bearing. Although they are small in size, Miniature Pinschers are fearless dogs, and they make excellent watchdogs.

hold Miniature Pinscher
Owner holds Miniature Pinscher.

They are loyal and affectionate with their family, but can be reserved around strangers. 

Miniature Pinschers require plenty of exercise and stimulation, and they do best in a home with an active lifestyle. With proper training and socialization, these intelligent dogs make excellent companions.

4. Affenpinscher

The Affenpinscher is a small, sprightly dog that originates from Germany. Also known as the “monkey dog,” this breed gets its name from its likeness to a monkey. Affenpinschers are intelligent and playful dogs that make great companions. 

Affenpinscher on a leash
Affenpinscher out on a leash.

They are loyal and protective of their family, but can also be suspicious of strangers. Although they are small in size, Affenpinschers are not afraid to stand up to larger dogs

This breed requires regular grooming and exercise, and may not suited to life in an apartment. If you are looking for a fun-loving and lively companion, the Affenpinscher may be the perfect dog for you.

5. Yorkshire Terriers 

The Yorkshire Terrier is a small breed of dog originating in the county of Yorkshire, England. The breed is also known as the Yorkie. They are affectionate and loving dogs that make great companions and are known for being very intelligent and easily trained.

a Yorkie dog outside
A Yorkie dog standing outside.

They are also very active and playful, despite their small size. 

They are one of the most popular breeds of dogs in the United States and are recognized by the American Kennel Club. The Yorkshire Terrier was developed during the 19th century in Yorkshire, England. The defining features of the Yorkshire Terrier are its maximum size of 7 pounds (3.2 kg) and its grey, black, and tan coat.

A popular companion dog, the Yorkshire Terrier has also been part of the development of other breeds, such as the Australian Silky Terrier. Originally bred to catch rats in clothing mills, watch factories, and coal mines, today this lovely little companion is one of the most popular toy dog breeds all over the world. Although small in stature, don’t let their size fool you; they have plenty of spunk and personality! 

6. Bolognese

Bolognese dogs are small, white, lap dogs that originated from the city of Bologna in Italy. The breed is also known as the Bichon Bolognese, or the Bolo. They are related to breeds such as the Maltese, Bichon Frise, and Havanese. 

bolognese dog breed
The Bolognese dog breed – you read that right! Small and playful.

Bolognese dogs are known for their gentle dispositions and loving nature. They make excellent companion animals and are often very attached to their owners. The breed is relatively rare, although they are becoming more popular in recent years. 

Bolognese require relatively little exercise and can do well in small homes or apartments. They do not do well in hot climates and should not be left outside for extended periods of time in warm weather. 

7. Australian Silky Terrier

The Australian Silky Terrier is a small, elegant dog with a long, glossy coat. The breed originated in Australia, where it was originally known as the Sydney Silky. Over the years, the Silky Terrier has been bred to be smaller and finer-boned than its cousins, the Australian Terrier, and the Yorkshire Terrier. 

Silky Terrier standing outdoors
The Silky Terrier standing outdoors.

While the Silky Terrier is an affectionate and loyal companion, it is also an intelligent and independent dog. Thanks to its hypoallergenic coat, the Silky Terrier is a popular choice for people with allergies. The breed is also relatively easy to groom, and its compact size makes it a good choice for city dwellers.

8. Coton de Tulear

The Coton de Tulear is a small breed of dog originating in Madagascar. The breed is named for the cotton-like textured coat, which is typically white or off-white in color. The Coton de Tulear is a relatively new breed, having only been recognized by the American Kennel Club in 2014. 

Coton de Tulear outdoors
Coton de Tulear standing outdoors.

Despite its recent recognition, the Coton de Tulear has quickly become a popular companion dog due to its friendly and affectionate nature. The breed is also relatively low-maintenance, requiring only occasional grooming to keep its coat looking its best. 

The breed has a distinctive wavy coat that can be either white or light ivory in color. The coat is soft and fluffy, making the Coton de Tulear a popular choice for those who are looking for a non-shedding breed. In addition to being an excellent companion dog, the Coton de Tulear also makes an excellent watchdog, as they are quick to alert their owners to any strange noises or activity.

9. Scottish Terrier

The Scottish Terrier is a small, compact breed of dog that originates from Scotland. Also known as the Scottie, this breed is distinguished by its wavy coat, which is typically black or brindle in color. The Scottie is a member of the Terrier group, and its heritage can be traced back to the 16th century. 

Black Scottish Terrier
Black Scottish Terrier sitting on the ground.

These dogs were originally bred for hunting purposes, and they continue to be excellent working dogs today. In addition to their hunting skills, Scottish Terriers are also known for their loyalty and courage. They make great companion animals and are often very protective of their families. 

10. Miniature Schnauzer 

The Miniature Schnauzer is a small, alert dog that was originally bred in Germany and is a descendant of the much larger Standard Schnauzer. The resulting dogs were popular among farmers and ratters, and their popularity soon spread throughout Europe. 

Miniature Schnauzer stretches body
Miniature Schnauzer stretches body on the field.

Today it is one of the world’s most popular toy breeds. Thanks to their small size, big personalities, and hypoallergenic coats, Miniature Schnauzers make excellent companion animals.

The breed standard lists the ideal height at 14-18 inches (35.5-45.7 cm), and the ideal weight at 11-20 pounds (4.9-9.1 kg). 

Miniature Schnauzers are intelligent and versatile dogs that make excellent companions for active people and families. They are also relatively easy to train and are known for being good watchdogs. Although they require regular grooming, Miniature Schnauzers are generally low-maintenance dogs

11. Toy Poodle

The Toy Poodle is a small breed of dog that typically weighs between six and nine pounds. They are intelligent and playful, and their compact size makes them well-suited for city living. Toy Poodles are also relatively easy to train, and they are known for being good obedience dogs. 

Toy Poodle sits calmly
Toy Poodle sits calmly at the garden.

In addition, Toy Poodles are one of the most hypoallergenic breeds of dogs, which means they are less likely to trigger allergies in people who are sensitive to pet dander. As a result, they are a popular choice for families with allergy sufferers.

Final Thoughts 

Even though these little dogs are healthy, they are still prone to some problems like dental disease, joint issues, and eye and ear infections, so you’ll still have to stay diligent in the upkeep of your furry friend!