Ultimate F1 Cockapoo Guide (with Photos!)

There’s no denying Cockapoos make for adorable pets. F1 Cockapoos, in particular, are a great choice for first-time dog owners.

Are you interested in bringing a Cockapoo pup home?

F1 Cockapoo
Ultimate F1 Cockapoo Guide

Here’s everything you need to know about F1 Cockapoos to make sure they’re the right fit for your family.

What Is an F1 Cockapoo?

An F1 Cockapoo is a first-generation hybrid of a Cocker Spaniel and a Poodle. This means that the Cockapoo puppy has one purebred parent of each breed. These dogs usually have a balanced blend of the physical traits of both parents.

Cockapoo puppy sits outside
Cockapoo puppy sits outside wearing a harness.

But what does the “F” stand for in the name?

The “F” designators in any crossbreed refer to the filial generation of the dog and each number after it denotes the number of generations the dog is away from the original parent breeds. 

To put it simply, an F1 Cockapoo is a first-generation cross between a Cocker Spaniel and a Poodle, while an F2 Cockapoo is the offspring of two F1 Cockapoos.

Cockapoo Generations

Needless to say, here are multiple Cockapoo generations.

tan cockapoo dog
A tan Cockapoo dog. F1b and some F2 Cockapoos are low shedding and low allergy

These include: 

  • F1: The F1 generation of Cockapoo is a first-generation cross between a purebred Cocker Spaniel and a purebred Poodle. These Cockapoos can vary in size, coat type, and color depending on the dominant parent.
  • F1B: The F1B generation is a backcross of an F1 Cockapoo with a Poodle. These dogs usually have a curlier coat and are more hypoallergenic than an F1 offspring. 
  • F2: The F2 generation is a cross between two F1 Cockapoos. Because of the genetics involved, these Cockapoos will usually have a mix of traits from both the Cocker Spaniel and the Poodle.
  • F2B: The F2B generation is a backcross of an F2 Cockapoo with a Poodle. These Cockapoos usually have a curlier coat and are more hypoallergenic than an F2 dog. 
  • F3 and beyond: These generations are a cross between two Cockapoos of the same generation. The further they are in generations, the more likely the Cockapoos are to have a consistent size, coat, and color.

Physical Characteristics


The F1 Cockapoo is a small to medium-sized dog, usually weighing between 12 and 25 pounds. They typically stand between 10 and 15 inches tall at the shoulder when fully grown. 

blonde Cockapoo
Blonde Cockapoo is at the park.


F1 Cockapoos come in a variety of shades and combinations. These include black, white, cream, apricot, red, and brown. Some may even have a blend of two or more colors.

photogenic Cockapoo sitting
A photogenic Cockapoo sitting in the loving room! (Image: Instagram/@lilly_mischievous_cockapoo)


F1 Cockapoos have a medium-length, wavy, and silky coat that is often described to be “fleece-like” in appearance. They do require regular grooming and brushing to keep their fur looking healthy and clean. 

Cockapoo during a storm
The wind blows Cockapoo’s coat during a storm. (Image: Instagram/@rusty_thecockapoo)

Depending on the generation of the Cockapoo, their coat can vary from wiry and coarse to short and fine

Overall, the F1 Cockapoo is a wonderful pet for families and individuals who are looking for a loyal and loving companion. Even their size, color, and coat apart, these dogs have excellent temperaments and are sure to make a great addition to any home.


Cockapoos running
Two happy Cockapoos running!

Activity Level

Although F1 Cockapoos are energetic and love to play, they have moderate activity level, which can be adjusted to your lifestyle. But regular physical and mental stimulation are non-negotiable to keep your dog healthy and happy. Daily walks and fixed playtime should do the trick with most puppies.

Sometimes they may also enjoy quiet and relaxing activities.


F1 Cockapoos are highly trainable and eager to please. They are intelligent, responsive, and learn quickly with consistent, positive reinforcement-based training. 

They can pick up new commands quickly and love to learn new tricks, especially if it comes with the promise of treats. 


F1 Cockapoos are incredibly loyal and bond quickly with their human family. Devoted and loving, these dogs will be by your side for years to come. Because they’re so attached to their human companions, leaving your Cockapoos unattended for long hours may cause them to experience separation anxiety.

Why Choose an F1 Cockapoo?

Cockapoo with her owner
Cockapoo with her senior owner spend time outdoors.

Here are some of the reasons why an F1 Cockapoo might be the perfect pet for you:

1. Low to Non-Shedding Coat

F1 Cockapoos are a designer dog breed. Although not hypoallergenic, they are low-shedding due to their Poodle parent. This means they won’t leave as much fur around the house, which makes them a great choice for people with allergies.

2. Loyal & Affectionate 

Known for being extremely loyal and affectionate by nature, they are very people-oriented and love to be around their owners. This makes them a great companion and an ideal pet for families.

3. Intelligent & Eager to Please

Cockapoos are very intelligent and can be easily trained. They are also very eager to please and respond well to training methods. This makes them a great choice for families who want to train their dog without any difficulties.

4. Adaptable

These dogs are very versatile and can adapt to different environments and lifestyles. They can be active in the outdoors or just as content to snuggle up on the couch. This makes them a great choice for families who have busy schedules and need a pet that can fit into their lifestyle.

5. Great for All Ages 

A true family dog, Cockapoos are great with children of all ages. Not only are they gentle and loving, these dogs are also small in size. They can be easily handled by children. 

But make sure to teach your kids not to manhandle the pup or any other animal. 

Things to Consider 

Health Issues 

Cockapoos, especially F1 Cockapoos, are generally healthy, lovable dogs that make for trustworthy companions. However, like all breeds, they can be prone to certain health issues. As an F1 Cockapoo owner, it’s important to be aware of and prepared for any potential health concerns.

Cockapoo on the floor
Cockapoo lying on the floor.

Genetic Health Issues

The most common genetic health issues in Cockapoos include: 

  • Hip Dysplasia – An abnormality in the hips that can lead to pain and difficulty walking.
  • Elbow Dysplasia – A malformation of the elbow joint that can cause pain and stiffness.
  • Progressive Retinal Atrophy (PRA) – An eye disorder that can lead to vision loss.
  • Patellar Luxation – A dislocation of the kneecap that can cause pain and lameness.

Other Health Issues

Although true of almost every breed, watch out for: 

  • Allergies – Cockapoos can be prone to skin, food, and environmental allergies.
  • Ear Infections – Due to their floppy ears, Cockapoos are more prone to ear infections than other breeds.
  • Hypothyroidism – It is a condition caused by an underactive thyroid gland, leading to weight gain and fatigue.

Prevention and Care

The best way to ensure your F1 Cockapoo is healthy and happy is to provide it with plenty of preventive care. Make sure to: 

  • Feed it a healthy diet with good quality ingredients.
  • Exercise it regularly to keep your dog fit and active.
  • Take your dog for regular check-ups and vaccinations.
  • Brush its teeth regularly and keep the ears clean.
  • Have a veterinarian check for any signs of genetic health issues.

By taking the proper precautions and giving your Cockapoo the best care, you can help ensure that your furry friend stays happy and healthy for many years to come!

Training and Grooming

To ensure your F1 Cockapoo is healthy and happy, it’s important to provide proper training and grooming.

cockapoo haircut
Cockapoo haircut for the summer.

Here are some tips to help you get started:


F1 Cockapoos are highly trainable and respond best to positive reinforcement-based training methods. 

  • Start training early. Establish yourself as the leader of the pack and establish house rules.
  • Use positive reinforcement whenever possible. Give your pup treats and verbally praise it when it follows a command or does something right.
  • Be consistent. Stick to a schedule and use the same commands and rewards every time.
  • Utilize short training sessions. A few minutes of training a few times a day is the most effective way to train your pup.


F1 Cockapoos have medium-length coats that require regular brushing and grooming. 

  • Brush your pup regularly. This will help prevent matting and keep their coat looking shiny and healthy.
  • Trim your pup’s nails.
  • Bathe your pup as directed by the vet. This will help keep their fur clean and free of dirt, debris, and parasites.
  • Brush their teeth. Regular tooth brushing is essential for your pup’s overall health and well-being.

By following these tips, you can ensure your F1 Cockapoo is always in fine fettle. 

Finding the Right F1 Cockapoo Breeder 

If you’re considering getting an F1 Cockapoo puppy, it’s important to find a responsible and reputable breeder.

man searches through online
Searching dog information, breeders and rescues online.

Here are some tips for finding the right F1 Cockapoo breeder for yourself: 

Do Your Research

Find a breeder who is a good fit for you. Ask for recommendations from friends, family, and your veterinarian, search the internet and join Facebook groups for Cockapoo owners. Find out as much as you can about the breeder and their dogs.

Check Credentials 

Once you’ve identified a few potential breeders, it’s important to check their credentials. Ask if they are AKC registered and if they have any breed-specific health certifications or clearances. Reputable breeders should also be able to provide health records and pedigree papers for their dogs.

Visit the Breeder 

Once you’ve narrowed down your choices, it’s time to visit the breeder. Ask to see the litter and the parents, and make sure you feel comfortable with the environment. Ethical breeders should be willing to answer all your questions and provide you with detailed information on the puppy’s health and history.

Questions to Ask

When visiting the breeder, make sure you ask the right questions. Here are some things to consider:

  • How long have they been breeding F1 Cockapoos?
  • What health tests have the parents had?
  • Will the puppy come with a health guarantee?
  • Is the puppy up to date on vaccinations and dewormings?
  • Do they offer any kind of life support for the puppy?

Take Your Time

Finally, make sure you take your time when selecting a breeder. Don’t rush into making a decision, and be wary of any breeder who pressures you to take a puppy right away. 

A good breeder will be happy to answer all your questions and provide you with all the information you need. 


Cockapoo in his model pose
A Cockapoo posing for a photo. (Image: Instagram/@kevincockapoo)

1. Is the generation of Cockapoos significant?

Yes, the generation of a Cockapoo can be significant to some because it impacts the dog’s size, coat type, and other physical characteristics. For example, a first-generation Cockapoo (F1) is a cross between a Cocker Spaniel and a Poodle and has a higher likelihood of having a wavy coat. On the other hand, a fourth-generation Cockapoo (F4) is a cross between two Cockapoos and is more likely to have a curly coat.

2. Are F1 Cockapoos typically wavy or curly?

F1 Cockapoos can be either wavy or curly – it depend on the genes of the parents. Some Cockapoos may even have a mix of both.

3. What is the expected lifespan of an F1 Cockapoo?

The expected lifespan of an F1 Cockapoo is generally between 10 and 15 years, although some may live longer. Health, diet, and environmental factors can all contribute to the length of a Cockapoo’s life. 

Regular check-ups by a veterinarian, proper nutrition, and plenty of exercises can help to maximize the lifespan of an F1 Cockapoo. The amount of socialization and training they receive will also play a role in their overall health and wellbeing. 

4. Are F1 Cockapoos likely to cause allergy?

No, F1 Cockapoos are considered hypoallergenic because they are a mix between a Cocker Spaniel and a Poodle. Poodle coats are naturally hypoallergenic, and the Cocker Spaniel coat is known for carrying fewer allergens than other breeds. The combination of these two breeds creates a dog that is good for people with allergies. 

Parting Thoughts

The F1 Cockapoo is a wonderful breed of dog that can provide a lifetime of love, companionship, and fun. They are intelligent and easy to train, making them great companions for families, singles, and everyone in between. With proper care and attention, they can live long and healthy lives.